Small herbaceous parasitic plants.
Lacking green foliage. Leaves reduced to alternate scales.
Flowers perfect (bisexual), irregular in symetry.
Petals united 5-lobed.
Stamens (male parts) 4, and appearing in pairs.
Ovary is positioned superior (above receptical) consisting of 2 united locules (chambers).
Plants in this family are parasitic on the roots of other plants.
They completely lack chlorophyll so can not photosynthesize any of their own nutrition.
Central Yukon:(CYSIP study area)